Skip to Content

How to Breed Snakes — AWE! So That’s How it’s Done!

Every snake species seems to have its own unique method of breeding. Some snakes give birth to live baby snakes, others lay eggs, and others carry the eggs until they hatch, then give birth.

Snakes are unique and misunderstood.

Most closer, people do not realize what important role snakes play when it comes to the ecosystem.

While some snakes keep the overall general snake population under control, others eat the Lyme disease-causing ticks which help humans. Snakes also take care of small and large rodents, keeping that population in balance.

Depending on the species, breeding a snake might take up to a year. Prepare their cages for breeding and hatchlings or live baby snakes while your snakes are in brumation.

Stimulate the male to prepare for mating once you’ve brought your snakes out of brumation. A week or two later, the female appears ready.


How to Breed Snakes?

The first step in breeding snakes is to find a healthy male and a female suitable for breeding. Then induce the brumation process. Set up the breeding, egg, hatchlings, and baby egg enclosures with the correct equipment. When the snakes come out of brumation, introduce them, then wait for the breeding to begin.


Choosing Snakes to Breed

Suitable candidates for breeding should be absolutely free of injuries and diseases.

Amateurs may find it challenging to determine the healthy snakes from those that aren’t. They show minimal, if any, signs of being ill.

If you have any doubts about your snake’s health, take him to a professional veterinarian before proceeding.

Before they begin mating, snakes must be of mature health and weight. Around three years of age, most female snake species reach sexual maturity.

Males in most species can start breeding after only one year. Before you begin, make sure your snakes are at a healthy weight. The ideal weight varies according to the species.

After you’ve decided on the ideal candidates for breeding, make sure the snake is appropriately sexed before proceeding. That is, make sure you have both a boy and a girl or you will not see any eggs.

Sexing methods vary with species. Trust a professional to help you sex the snake if you don’t feel comfortable doing it yourself, as it can be a tricky process that might injure your snake if done incorrectly.



You’re ready to prepare your snakes for breeding now that you’ve chosen your healthy snakes and ensured that they’re… compatible.

Most snake species must go through a phase of brumation before they can breed. Brumation is a man-made winter.

In the wild, snakes breed during springtime, but only after months of cold temperatures.

Snakes gain the strength they need to aid them through the arduous birthing process during brumation. To assist them, I have created a cooler environment in my snake’s habitat.

The temperature in a snake habitat is normally regulated between 85-90 degrees Fahrenheit. The cage is exposed to light for 12 hours daily.

Temperatures will be decreased to 78 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit and light will be shone on the cage for around 8 hours per day during brumation.

For 1 to 3 months, keep the temperature low. A lot depends on the snake species you’re breeding; however, most experts believe that a lengthier brumation period is beneficial to your snake’s overall health.

Most snake species will have an increased appetite as they emerge from brumation. Don’t be frightened to feeding them twice as much as usual. The additional calories will aid in breeding.


Introducing the Male

The initial introduction of the male’s simple. Bring him to the female enclosure after appropriately getting him ready based on his species’ specific requirements.

The male will immediately become alert of the female snakes in his unfamiliar setting after being placed. Don’t be alarmed if they coil and hiss a little.

Injuries are uncommon. To commence breeding, your male will carefully slither up next to the female and interlock with her.


Get Ready for Egg Hatching

Treat gravid snakes with respect, just like treating pregnant women. To ensure a healthy egg-laying process, make sure the mama snake has a suitable location to lay the eggs.

Choose a warm, moist environment. It may harm the eggs if it is too wet or dry.

I’ve seen a fair number of people utilize a plastic shoe box as a nest by cutting a hole in the enclosure.


Removing and Caring for the Eggs

After laying the eggs, female snakes protect their eggs by coiling around them. Place her in her own enclosure.

Do this without hesitation, you will make her nervous and she may become aggressive.

You’ll need to shift the eggs into their incubator now that the mother is in her own tank. The type of substrate you use in the incubator doesn’t make much of a difference.

You can use whatever your adult snakes have in their enclosures.

You may observe that some of the eggs are glued together as if bonded when carrying them. You should not try to remove them since you will tear the eggs and destroy the growing snake.

Once the eggs are in the incubator, keep a close eye on them. A viable snake egg is white with a leathery feel.


Hatching the Eggs

Give a snake zero assistance when they are hatching from their egg. When these little baby snakes are born, they are frail and must discover how to do things on their own, including getting out of the egg.

Any assistance you provide them could jeopardize their development.

When all the babies have hatched, place them in their separate enclosures. You can start feeding them 1 week post-hatching.


Frequently Asked Questions about How to Breed Snakes


What snake breed’s the hardest to reproduce?

It’s not a matter of difficulty, it’s the snake species’ diversity that determines how you breed them. For instance, boas birth their young, providing various challenges compared to their egg-laying counterparts. Ball pythons can be difficult to breed at times if the male does not stimulate them easily.


How long should I wait before tossing unhatched eggs?

Give any unhatched snake eggs about four or five days to see if they will hatch. If you hear or see any movement, be patient. Some snakes are just slower to hatch than others. Before you dispose of them, take a small pin and poke a hole in the shell. You’ll then see if the baby snake is viable. If so, leave it alone for a few days longer. If not, dispose of it.



Breeding snakes is usually a successful adventure, so you shouldn’t worry about unhatched eggs or any other part of the process if you follow the breeding instructions and get help if and when you need it.

How Do Snakes Lay Eggs? How Indeed?

Friday 27th of August 2021

[…] of all the thousands of snake species, the majority of them lay eggs. Some snakes may only lay two eggs per clutch, while others […]